UN: SC discusses implementation of resolution calling for global ceasefire amid pandemic
UN call for global ceasefire amid pandemic has not met real response
Armed conflicts continued, and, according to experts, they are becoming more complex
WASHINGTON – As the pandemic began to spread across the planet in early 2020, UN Secretary-General António Guterres called for a global ceasefire, saying the world should focus on the “real fight” against the coronavirus.
About 200 countries and the UN Security Council supported his call. However, he did not find a serious real response.
Conflicts continued to rage across the world.
The head of the International Rescue Committee, David Miliband, lamented in December that the major powers did not make enough efforts to negotiate peace agreements and ceasefires..
“The world continues to turn its backs as we live in an era of impunity, where governments, dictators, generals and militias ignore the laws of war, knowing they will never be held accountable for their violations,” he said.
The list of conflicts evokes sad feelings.
Full-scale conflict erupted in the Caucasus when Azerbaijan, with Turkish support, launched an offensive to reclaim Nagorno-Karabakh.
The fierce war between the Saudi Arabian-led coalition and Houthi rebels in Yemen, which began in 2015, has continued throughout 2020. Both sides intensified attacks since September.
During the armed conflict in Ukraine’s Donbass, which began after the 2014 Maidan uprising and was prompted by protests by Russian-backed separatists, ceasefire agreements were concluded 29 times. The number of attacks has decreased, but the settlement of the armed confrontation is not visible.
In November 2020, fighting broke out in the Ethiopian region of Tigray between the Popular Front for the Liberation of Tigray and the Ethiopian-Eritrea Defense Forces alliance.
In total, there were four major conflicts in 2020, during which more than 10 thousand people died this or last year..
14 ongoing conflicts, including civil wars and insurgencies, have killed less than 10,000 people this year or last year.
There were also 22 so-called minor conflicts, including drug wars, in which fewer than a thousand people died..
Wars are becoming more complex, analysts say, and the trend has intensified in the past year..
According to the International Rescue Committee, a fifth of modern conflicts involve more than 10 players, two thirds – at least three parties.
Aid agencies argue that the more difficult wars become, the more difficult it becomes to deliver humanitarian aid, exacerbating the plight of civilians.